A significant event in world history

Fall of ConstantinopleThe fall of Constantinople ranks one of the most significant events that changed the world. The triumph of the crescent and moon over the cross forever changed the course of history whose consequences are still felt up to today. The fall of Constantinople marked the fall of Byzantine Empire; an empire so vast that its demise was unthinkable before the success siege of the city of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks led by Sultan Mehmed II in 1453.

The fall of constantinopleConstantinople was one of the most fortified cities in the world then. It was guarded by an army of approximately 10,000 men. Well aware of this, the Ottomans’ assembled an army of between 100,000 to 150,000. With the high number of men and superior fighting techniques led by an elite fighting squad known as the Janissaries no force could prevent the fall of Constantinople.

Once the city had fallen over to the Turks, Sultan Mehmed renamed the city to Istanbul. More transformation of the city was to follow through the building of Mosques, monuments, and impressive aqueducts. The city was officially an Islamic city. To the conquered, new rules followed. The Greeks were made to form communities known as the Milets.

The Christians were permitted to practice their religion, but could not bear arms and had to dress in distinguishing clothing. Constantine XI considered by historians as the last empire of the Roman republic died with a sword in his hands, and his body was never recovered. These events marked the fall of Constantine, and the demise of the Byzantine Empire after 1100 years.

The Fall of Constantinople

The fall of Constantinople was devastating to Christians in Europe. The pope attempted to launch a crusade against the city, but could not raise a sizable army to sustain a successful campaign against the city and thus no attempts were ever made to recapture the city. The Fall of Constantine also marked the end of the middle Ages and the start of Renaissance. Many scholars fled from the new Ottoman Empire and headed to Italy where they fueled the birth of Renaissance with new ideas.

Fall of constantinople
The Muslims domination of existing trade routes necessitated the need to find new trade routes in the west. This led to the expeditions that forever changed the world, by discovering new lands and new markets. Some of the most famous expeditions were led by Magellan, Drake and Columbus.

With the fall of Constantinople the world course took a paradigm shift.